Music or music is the artistic arrangement and combination of the sounds of musical instruments and the human voice to achieve beauty of form or expression of emotion. The aspects of pitch, rhythm, loudness (musical dynamics), timbre and texture (monophony, polyphony, etc.) can be distinguished in music, but also silence. The word ‘music’ is derived from the Greek μουσική (mousikè), ‘art of the Muses’.


As far as is known, all cultures have known music in all ages, whereby this art has been and is practiced and experienced differently in different places and times. How sounds are experienced is essential to the musical experience. Due to the great differences in music among different cultures, there is no unanimity about the definition of music, not even among the various music theorists and philosophers. Since the late nineteenth century, the development of music and the emergence of new genres and musical styles have been closely linked to the history of sound recording.

However, it is an undisputed fact that music is always about the audible (or lack thereof), in contrast to the visible in the visual arts. Music is a time art, with audible (sounds, sounds, tones) or inaudible (silences, pauses) elements in sequence or simultaneously. In addition, sounds are counted as music only if they are produced for that purpose by a musical instrument or the human voice. So music cannot be made ‘accidentally’. This makes music closely related to poetry, combining the two elements of visible and audible, which is also the case with written music.

Although a structure can often be discovered in music and people often find it pleasant to listen to, there is no clear line between music and noise, nor between music and other sounds. For example, 20th-century composer John Cage believed that any sound can be music and said, for example, “There is no noise, only sound.” He put these ideas into practice with his 4’33 “. While Edgard Varèse still related music to the organization of sound, Cage has also lost the organization in this” composition “.

Sound recording

A recording is a recording of an audio and / or video signal or light on photosensitive material. This requires a microphone and a camera, a device (recorder) for recording the signal, and often an exchangeable data carrier (storage medium). Analogue and digital recordings are distinguished.

Often a video recording also includes an audio recording, with one device on one data carrier. Often you can also play with recording equipment. However, there were and are devices that only play, such as a gramophone, film projector, CD player, video player and DVD player.

At the end of the 19th century, sound recordings were first made using the phonograph on a wax roll. In the 20th century a tape recorder was used, later in particular the cassette recorder and again later digitally on CD, writable CD-ROM and flash memory. This has made copying and editing easier.